First, most startups today deploy a dumb monism of technology. A singular approach to world-order based on the cheap persuasion and trojan-horse monetization of its many innocent “greater-fool” users. A totalitarian system that ultimately fails because all totalitarian regimes for the world are bound to fail, for they violate the most fundamental principles of (a plurality of) freedom. The freedom we need to discover outliers responsible for our reinvention.
While the defiance to the above can still yield impressive growth, as the engagement of greater-fools is known to generate (Facebook for one, comes to mind), such growth is kicking the can of the strengthening of human renewability further down the road (as Facebook deploys unfettered organized socialism, ultimately responsible for a dumbing-down of society). The impressive growth of certain private companies as the unchallenged back-door to nation-state sovereignty and evolutionary integrity.
So, to answer your question, we must begin to realize perpetual growth, of any kind, is not only not sustainable, but it is also not what makes civilization successful. The strength of our renewability is. And thus the critical success-factors to nation-states lies, not in the pursuit of growth but in the curation of a plurality of freedom that, from the improving strength of renewability, builds and extends human sustainability. Locally and globally.
My upcoming book on a new operating system for humanity aims to be your guide.